Alloy 1 contains copper and zinc in the ratio N1:N and Alloy 2 contains copper and zinc in the ratio N:N+1, where N is a positive integer > 1.
(i) Alloy 1 and Alloy 2 are melted together in the ratio P:Q, so that the ratio of copper and zinc in the resulting alloy is P:Q.
(ii) Alloy 1 and Alloy 2 are melted together in the ratio P:Q, so that the ratio of copper and zinc in the resulting alloy is Q:P.
In each of the cases (i) and (ii)  determine p:q in terms of N.
*** Each of p and q is a positive integer.
Unless I erred, there don't seem to be solutions to either part.
The ratio of the mixture of the alloys in the ratio p:q can be expressed as [p(n1)+qn] : [pn + q(n1)]
(i) Setting this equal to p:q and crossmultiplying gives
pq(n1)+nq^2 = np^2+pq(n1)
0=n(p^2+2pqq^2)
since n cannot be zero
p^2+2pq^2=0
and solving for p gives
p=(2+/sqrt(2))q
which is impossible since p and q have opposite signs but neither can be negative
(ii) Setting equal to q:p and crossmultiplying gives
(n1)p^2+pqn=pqn+(n+1)q^2
p^2/q^2=(n+1)/(n1)
there are solutions here but not positive integer ones. Either p or q is irrational.
** My dumb calculator thinks there are some solutions but we've seen this problem before. For values of n from 37 to 50 it gives a fraction answer.
For example n=50 the actual p/q=sqrt(51/49)=sqrt(51)/7 which is clearly irrational but the calculator converts it to 10099/9899.
The decimals tell the tale:
sqrt(51.000000000000000000000000)/7
1.0202040612204071425713428
10099.000000000000000000000/9899
1.0202040610162642691180927
using http://apfloat.appspot.com/

Posted by Jer
on 20161020 11:31:39 