List all integers n such that the sum 2^2 + 3^2 + 4^2 + ... + n^2
equals a prime number.
p&p solutions only.
The sum S = n*(n+1)*(2n+1)/6  1 = (n1)*(2n^2 +5n + 6)/6.
The second factor is always > 1 so for prime S the first factor must reduce to 1.
The possibilities are:
(n1) = 1, n = 2, S = 4
(n1)/2 = 1, n = 3, S = 13
(n1)/3 = 1, n = 4, S = 29
(n1)/6 = 1, n = 7, S = 139
So S is prime only when n = 3,4, or 7.

Posted by xdog
on 20170113 11:37:51 