Number 3 can be expressed as the sum of one or more positive integers in 4 distinct ways:
3; 2 + 1; 1 + 2; 1 + 1 + 1
Number 4 can be expressed as the sum of one or more positive integers in 8 distinct ways:
4; 3 + 1; 1+3; 2 + 2; 2 + 1 + 1; 1+2+1; 1+1+2; 1+1+1+1
Prove : any positive integer n can be so expressed in 2^{n - 1 }ways.