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Sixty is Special (Posted on 2017-08-18) Difficulty: 4 of 5
I is the incenter of triangle ABC with B' the intersection of the ray BI and side AC and C' the intersection of ray CI and side AB. Prove that AB'IC' is a cyclic quadrilateral if and only if angle BAC is 60 degrees.

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Solution Solution & a further result Comment 1 of 1
The incenter implies the rays are angle bisectors.
A quadrilateral is cyclic if and only if two opposite angles are supplementary.

Let the angles of the triangle be a,b,c.
It's simple to find that angle IB'A=b/2+c and angle IC'A=b+c/2

These angles are opposite angles of the quadrilateral, so the quadrilateral is cyclic if and only if (b/2+c)+(b+c/2)=180
3b/2 + 3c/2 = 180

Playing with Geometer's Sketchpad I found an interesting connection among the other two angles of the quadrilateral:
angle B'IC' = 90 + a/2
This is a little harder to prove, but can also be used to show a=60.

  Posted by Jer on 2017-08-27 17:58:50
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