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A couple of numbers (Posted on 2018-11-04) Difficulty: 2 of 5
a.What is the only three-digit number that is equal to a square number multiplied by the reverse of the same square number?
b.What is the largest three-digit number that is equal to a number multiplied by the reverse of the same number?

No zeroes in your reversals.

See The Solution Submitted by Ady TZIDON    
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soln.s Comment 1 of 1
a. Since, only 2 two-digit numbers when multiplied give three digit numbers (as opposed to 2 one- or 2 three-digit numbers) we look to the two digit squares: 16, 36, ...81. The only one that works is 16 * 61 = 976

b. Again we are multiplying 2 two-digit numbers, say ab and its reverse: ba. 
ab x ba = (a+10b)(10a+b) <999
a^2+2ab+b^2 = (a+b)^2  < 99
a+b <= 9
only 20 (unreversed) numbers satisfies this:
18 17 27 16 26 36 15 25 35 45 14 24 34 44 13 23 33 12 22 11,
and, of these, 16 wins the prize again as 16 * 61 = 976.

Edited on November 4, 2018, 10:29 pm
  Posted by Steven Lord on 2018-11-04 17:11:45

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