Let's start with a triplet of integers, say (1, 2, 5) and a set of mathematical operations (+, -, *, /, ^, sqrt, fact!, concatenation, brackets).
Our task will be to represent all (or almost all - as explained below) integers from 1 to n using some or all of the initial triplet and any quantity of operations defined above.
Let's define n as the first occurrence of not being able to find a valid representation for n+1 and for n+2. I believe that in our case n=17 (15+2), since neither 18 nor 19 get valid solutions.
You are requested to find a triplet of integers (a,b,c) enabling a maximal n.
(In reply to re: some hints & remarks @ Ch
by Dej Mar)
tnx 4 ur q's
I wanted to enter some clarifications, inter alia, answering most of your questions so the rules would be better defined. Alas, the puzzle was pushed and published - so the best I can do is to address all your issues and ask the solvers to fill in the existong"holes"
in order to improve the cuurrent solution i.e. 105=99+6.
Please consider it as a final amendment adding the missing clarifications to the original text.
Now , my answers.
! is a mathematical operator and may be used to imply any of the family of factorial operations that use the factorial symbol operator (!) -- including all of the factorial family members using the ! sign ( subfactorials and double or even triple factorials) excluding primorials and superfactorials. fact! was misleading
The radical sign means sqrt of the expression under the sign .
It may not be concatenated with a superscripted integer n to form an nth root.
The concatenation applies only to positive integers, not expressions.
Examples: ....assuming 4,9,9 was the chosen triplet
4 conc 9=49
sqrt(16) not possible since 16 as concatenation does not exist
sqrt4 conc sqrt9 is meaningless, neither 49 nor 23
usually one can write 94, 99 , 49 but neither 29 nor 61
For all other operations (concatenation excluded) you are allowed to pick up 3 or less numbers from the following list:
3,6,9 are derived from 9
4 ,8 from 4
1 & 2 from either 9 or 4
5 , 7 cannot be created from a single digit , be it 4 oe 9
18=9+9 BUT NOT 6+6+6 -2 sixes are generated by nines , the 3rd cannot be created from 4.
Any otherv questions? Do not hesitate to inquire, I will respond.
Rem: I'm not entirely sure that 4,9,9 is rhe best choiice, maybe 5,9,9 or 7,9,9 or 5,5 is preferable. ????Who knows??
Edited on September 11, 2020, 8:29 am