To demonstrate set union and intersection to her class, Mrs. Putnam asked for three students to each write down a set of numbers.
After they had done so, she looked at their sets and told the class, "the union of these three sets is the first ten counting numbers, but their intersection is empty!"
How many triples (A, B, C) of sets are there such that
A U B U C = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10}
and
A ∩ B ∩ C = {} ?
None of Mrs. Putnam's students would be so geeky as to write down a null set.
Diasallowing null sets, there are 13,680 UNORDERED triples (A, B, C) of sets like these. If the triples are ordered, there are 13,680*(3!) = 82,080 possibilities.
Explanation:
{1 number}U{1 number}U{8 numbers}: 10*9 = 90 unordered possibilities
{1 number}U{2 numbers}U{7 numbers}:
10*(9*8/2!) = 360
{1 number}U{3 numbers}U{6 numbers}:
10*(9*8*7/3!) = 840
{1 number}U{4 numbers}U{5 numbers}:
10*(9*8*7*6/4!) = 1260
{2 numbers}U{3 numbers}U{5 numbers}:
(10*9/2!)*(8*7*6/3!) = 2520
{2 numbers}U{4 numbers}U{4 numbers}:
(10*9/2!)*(8*7*6*5/4!) = 3150
{2 numbers}U{2 numbers}U{6 numbers}:
(10*9/2!)*(8*7/2!) = 1260
{3 numbers}U{3 numbers}U{4 numbers}:
(10*9*8/3!)*(7*6*5/3!) = 4200
90+360+840+1260+2520+3150+1260+4200=13,680
Edited on February 10, 2004, 10:45 am

Posted by Penny
on 20040210 10:20:37 