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Pythagorean Plus One (Posted on 2004-05-17) Difficulty: 3 of 5
A "Pythagorean Plus One" triple can be defined as any three distinct integers a, b, c, such all three of these are one more than a perfect square, and also a times b equals c. What is the lowest value of c possible?

See The Solution Submitted by Gamer    
Rating: 2.5000 (2 votes)

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re: Maybe a really smart floobler..... | Comment 9 of 20 |
(In reply to Maybe a really smart floobler..... by Penny)

Even a dumb one like me, perhaps!  Check me on this:

If all three are even, then since a*b=c=z^2+1, z^2+1=4*k for some integer k. Hence z^2 must be congruent to -1 mod 4. Now z is either even (=2*n) so z^2=4*n^2 and is congruent to 0 mod 4, or z is odd (z=2*n+1) so z^2= 4*n^2+4*n+1 and is congruent to +1 mod 4. This is just a reiteration of the fairly well-known fact that, modulo 4, a square must be congruent to 0 or 1.

  Posted by Richard on 2004-05-17 14:54:34
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