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At the "Oilympic" Games (Posted on 2004-03-01) Difficulty: 3 of 5
The three oil-producing countries Qatar, Romania, and Saudi Arabia were the finalists in long jump. Walking around, I heard three comments from three different persons, one from each country:

"Saudi Arabia got the Gold."
"Qatar ended in a higher place than Saudi Arabia".
"Romania was the worst."

A judge commented that whenever a person said anything mentioning his own country, he was right in his beliefs, but if he only spoke about other countries, he was wrong. I didn't know which person was from which country, but I could recognize the Romanian because of his occidental clothes. With help of the judge's comment, I could reason out the final standings. What were they?

See The Solution Submitted by Federico Kereki    
Rating: 3.7500 (8 votes)

Comments: ( Back to comment list | You must be logged in to post comments.)
re: my solution.. | Comment 6 of 16 |
(In reply to my solution.. by shawn)

shawn wrote: 'Reasoning: The Romanian was the person who spoke 2nd i.e. "Qatar ended in a higher place than Saudi Arabia". Since he was not speaking about his country, he was lying and Qatar ended in a LOWER place than Saudi Arabia.  The person who spoke first was Saudi Arabian and Saudi Arabia did end up winning the gold. The 3rd person, was the Qatarian and since he was not speaking about his country, he was lying. Hence, Romania was NOT the worst.  This implies that... Saudia Arabia is First(GOLD Winner), Romania is 2nd (since it wasn't the worst and wasn't the best either), and Qatar was third(finishing lower than Saudi Arabia) Is it correct? lol"
NO !! lol
You are assuming that Frederico would somehow have known that the person who spoke first was Saudi. But in fact he would only have known that the Romanian speaker was Romanian (from his occidental clothes). The person who spoke first could have been either Saudi or Qatari. If the Saudi spoke first, the standings were as you stated: Saudi Arabia - Gold, Romania - Silver and Qatar - Bronze. If the Qatari spoke first, the standings were: Romania - Gold, Saudi Arabia - Silver and Qatar - Bronze. So if it had been the Romanian who said "Qatar ended in a higher place than Saudi Arabia", Frederico would not have been able to reason out the final standings. So it must not have been the Romanian who said that.    

Edited on March 4, 2004, 4:54 am
  Posted by Penny on 2004-03-04 04:53:07

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