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The Central Cell (Posted on 2004-04-16) Difficulty: 2 of 5
Prove that the central cell (the number in the middle cell) of any 3x3 magic square is always one-third the magic constant (the sum of any side, either 2 major diagonals, or either center row in the magic square).
Show that in any larger square (n x n), the central cell does not need to be 1/n the magic constant.

See The Solution Submitted by Victor Zapana    
Rating: 4.5000 (4 votes)

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Solution Solution | Comment 10 of 11 |

(The layout of variables was similar to another comment on the site -- I don't remember where)

Call the top-left square x+a and the bottom right square x-a, (thus, x is their arithmetic mean), label the central cell z, and the magic sum M, which must equal 2x+z. Call the other cells (clockwise) x+b, x+c, and x+d and then x-b, x-c, and x-d so the magic sum is reached in all cases:

x+a, x+b, x+c
x-d, z, x+d
x-c, x-b, x-a

Since the sum of the top and bottom row equals 6x=2M, x=M/3, and since 2x+z=M, z=x=M/3.

  Posted by Gamer on 2006-12-21 15:42:54
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