The likelihoods of being dealt various poker hands are widely published (easily found on the internet). A more difficult problem is: what are the likelihoods of being dealt each poker hand, given a 54 card deck (52 card deck + 2 jokers).
The various hands of interest are:
3 of a kind
4 of a kind
5 of a kind
* Jokers can count as any rank card, in any suit.
A denominatior that will be used in many of these is 54*53*52*51*50 = 54!/49! = 379,501,200; call it d. Its the number of sequences of five cards that can be drawn, and distinguishes between the two jokers.
One pair can happen with either zero or one joker.
With zero jokers you get 52*1*48*44*40*C(5,2)/d = .115756155711761
With one joker you get 2*52*48*44*40*C(5,1)/d = .115756155711761
for a total of .231512311423521
But, in the case of one joker being used for the pair, one must also subtract out the probability that the four non-jokers have the same suit, form a 4-straight or a straight with a gap of 1, that would then be counted by the player as using that joker for a purpose other than forming a pair, as the alternative (flush or straight) would be better.
It's starting to look messy.
Posted by Charlie
on 2004-07-09 10:45:04