How many unique shapes can you get by unfolding a paper cube?
You can only cut along edges, and the shape must be in one piece and flat. By unique, I mean rotations and reflections don't count.
This problem can be analogized to four dimensions as well. How many unique 3-dimensional shapes can be made by "unfolding" a 4-dimensional hypercube into 8 cubes? This problem is significantly more difficult than the first.
(In reply to 4d???
by Vee-Liem Veefessional)
Most people find the concept hard to grasp. The best way to understand is to use analogies. A line segment is to a square as a square is to a cube as a cube is to a 4-d hypercube (also known as a tesseract).
Take a square. One way to look at it is as 2 parallel line segments, with the ends connected by 2 more congruent line segments.
Take a cube. One way to look at it is as two parallel squares, with the corners connected by line segments congruent to the sides of the squares
So a tesseract would be two parallel cubes with all the vertices connectedby line segments congruent to the sides of the cubes.
Another way of looking at a cube is this:
|\ /| This is a central projection.
| \__/ | The smaller square inside is actually
| | | | the same size as the larger one,
| |__| | but it apears smaller because it is
| / \ | further away. Notice the shape of the
|/____\| six square faces. They are distorted.
Similarly, a hypercube can be seen as a small cube inside a bigger one, with all the vertices connecting. It has 8 "faces," but the faces are 3-d cubes, not squares. They, too will seem distorted because we are flattening the tesseract into 3 dimensions.
I can't find a better way to explain the unfolding of a tesseract than this animation.
Posted by Tristan
on 2004-07-31 11:47:53