All about flooble | fun stuff | Get a free chatterbox | Free JavaScript | Avatars    
perplexus dot info

Home > Shapes > Geometry
Two Crescents (Posted on 2004-08-11) Difficulty: 2 of 5
Given a right triangle, draw the three following semicircles:
  1. The semicircle with diameter formed by one of the legs and extending away from the triangle.
  2. The semicircle with diameter formed by the other leg and extending away from the triangle.
  3. The semicircle with diameter formed by the hypotenuse and extending towards the triangle.

Prove that the area of the two crescents (shown in RED and BLUE) formed by the three semicircles equals the area of the triangle.

No Solution Yet Submitted by ThoughtProvoker    
Rating: 3.2000 (10 votes)

Comments: ( Back to comment list | You must be logged in to post comments.)
Some Thoughts Folding's too hard. Comment 15 of 15 |

I didn't really follow the folding proof, so here's my own.

Construct line AH dividing the big triangle into 2 smaller ones with right angles at H.

Call the area of triangle ABC, a.
Call the area of triangle AHC, b.
Call the area of triangle ABH, c.

Clearly, b+c=a

Call the circle whose diameter is BC, C1
Call the circle whose diameter is AB, C2
Call the circle whose diameter is AC, C3.

Since b+c=a, and since the the diameters of the circles are the same as the sides of triangle ABC, so the areas of the circles are in the same proportion as the areas of the triangles.
C2+C3=C1

Now, (1/2C1-a) is the area outside a, but enclosed by C1, and
(1/2C2+1/2C3) is the area of the two smaller circles outside a, so
the area of the lunes is (1/2C2+1/2C3)-(1/2C1-a).
But (1/2C2+1/2C3)=(1/2C1), so  (1/2C2+1/2C3)-(1/2C1)=0.

The area of the lunes =-(-a) = a, so the lunes have the same area as triangle a.


Edited on February 3, 2016, 11:03 am
  Posted by broll on 2016-02-03 05:17:04

Please log in:
Login:
Password:
Remember me:
Sign up! | Forgot password


Search:
Search body:
Forums (0)
Newest Problems
Random Problem
FAQ | About This Site
Site Statistics
New Comments (7)
Unsolved Problems
Top Rated Problems
This month's top
Most Commented On

Chatterbox:
Copyright © 2002 - 2017 by Animus Pactum Consulting. All rights reserved. Privacy Information