If you take two balls randomly out of a jar of colored balls, there is a 50% chance that the balls will both be red.
What is the total percentage of red balls in the jar?
As before we decide that [r(r+o)][(r1)/(r+o1)] = 1/2
Case 1 r and o are mutually prime (have no common factors except 1)
If r(r1)/(r+o)(r+o1) reduces to 1/2, then either
Case 1a:
r1 = r+o and 2r =r+o1) ==> o=(1); r=(2) [not possible]
or Case 1b:
2(r1)=r+0 and r=r+o1 ==> 0=1; r=3
So there are four balls in the jar, three red and one that is not red
Case 2 r and o are not mutually prime:
r/(r+o) reduces to r'/(r'+o') where r=nr' and o=no' and n is the GCF.
This leads to two cases:
Case 2a,
r1 = r'+o' and 2r' =r+o1)again leads to negative values.
Case 2b
2(r1)=r'+o' and r'=r+o1
2nr'2 =r'+o' and r'=nr'+no'1
nr'1 =(r'+o')/2 = r'no'
r'+o' = 2r'  2no'
o'+2no'= r'
r'= o'(2n+1)
But r' and o' were chosen to be mutually prime.
So of the four cases, only case 1b produces viable results

Posted by TomM
on 20021018 02:46:53 