A "dot" (commonly also called a "lattice point") is a point with integer coordinates.
In the plane, what is the total number of dots inside or on the boundary of the triangle with vertices (0,0), (x,0), (x,y) where x and y are positive integers?
In the event that it is not utterly obvious from the form of your answer that a whole number is being specified, give an independent argument to show this.
What total do you get if you count the three vertex dots together as just half a dot and any other boundary dots as half a dot each?
(In reply to
Half solution by Bractals)
Since
[ (x+1)*(y+1) + gcd(x,y) + 1 ] / 2
represents the total number of points within or on the edge of the triangle, and the second parts asks for those points at the vertices to count only as 1 altogether, and those points elsewhere on the edge to count as 1/2,we just have to subtract out:
2 (for the three vertices counting as one)
(y1)/2 (halving along the vertical edge, other than the vertices)
(x1)/2 (halving along the horizontal edge, other than the vertices)
(gcd(x,y)1)/2 (halving along the diagonal, NOT counting the two vertices)
So it comes out to
[ (x+1)*(y+1)  x  y ] / 2

Posted by Charlie
on 20050609 19:36:35 