A circular centrifuge has 30 slots spaced evenly around its circumference. Thirty samples need to be spun in the centrifuge, their masses being 1g, 2g, 3g, . . . 29g, 30g. How can all the samples be placed in the centrifuge at once while keeping it balanced properly?
For what other values of N is it possible to balance an N slot centrifuge with samples weighing 1g, 2g, 3g, . . . (N-1)g, Ng?
(In reply to re(7): Sums of irrationals
The previous post might be clearer if you arrange the moment equation this way:
(A-D)(sin x)+(B-E)(sin x+60)+(C-F)(sin x+120)=0
In the general case, each of the three sines is a different irrational
number with an integer coefficient, which means that you can't balance
the equation unless you make the coefficients zero.
You can only make this equation true with non-zero coefficients by
picking special values of x. The easy way is to make x=0, so that
sin x = 0 and sin x+60 = sin x+120. Then you can balance the
wheel if (B-E)+(C-F) equals zero. It may also be possible if
x=30, though I doubt it. But for any other value of x, you've
just got three different irrational numbers, and no clever arrangement
of integer coefficients (other than zeroes) is going to make them total
Posted by Leonidas
on 2005-11-01 18:19:55