Next construct a smaller square (A'B'C'D') inside ABCD, with any orientation and centre and join the corresponding corners.
This divides the region between the squares into four.
We will name these divisions (and their areas):
(N)orth = ABB'A'
(E)ast = BCC'B'
(S)outh = CDD'C'
(W)est = DAA'D'.
Show that the areas of these regions satisfy the equality
N+S = E+W.