A circle (of radius a), a line, and a point are mapped by inversion into two concentric circles and the center of those concentric circles. If the distance from the given circle's center to the line is b, then what is the distance from the point to the line?
Inversion Defined:
Let O be the center of a circle of radius k. An inversion with respect to circle O is a mapping f:R^{2} -> R^{2} such that for all P in R^{2} (not O), P' = f(P) lies on ray OP and
|OP'||OP| = k^{2}.
See www.geocities.com/bractals/inv.jpg
for graphical description of inversion.