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The Island of Masyu (Posted on 2006-06-06) Difficulty: 3 of 5

Located in the southwestern area of the Rhubarb Sea is the tropical island of Masyu, a square-shaped isle recently settled by 25 Ghruthans -- countrymen of a kingdom comprised of only Knights and Knaves.

In accordance with the decree of their King (who is a Knight and author of the Royal Ghruthan Building Code), the island was staked off into one hundred lots, with 25 of these lots each homesteaded by the King and 24 other Ghruthan settlers. And, to encourage commerce and cooperation on the island, the settlers had built a road that connected each and every settled lot within the strict guidelines imposed by their King.

The following is an excerpt of the Royal Ghruthan Island Building Code:

  • XI.a. Only a single road shall ever be built on the island. The road shall be a continuous non-intersecting loop and pass through all settled lots on the island. Any road which passes through a lot shall enter through the center of one of the lot’s four sides and exit through the center of a different side of the lot.
  • XI.b.1. Any road built passing through a Knight’s lot shall exit the lot on the side directly opposite the side it entered. In addition, the road shall be built so that it makes at least one right angle turn in the lot immediately preceding or following the Knight’s lot.
  • XI.b.2 Any road built passing through a Knave’s lot shall turn at a right angle within the lot. In addition, the road shall not bend but travel straight through the lots immediately preceding and following the Knave’s lot.

  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   0    
|   | X |   | X |   |   |   | O |   |   | A
|   |   |   |   | O |   |   |   |   | O | B
|   |   |   |   |   | O |   |   |   |   | C
| O |   | O |   |   |   |   | X |   | O | D
|   |   | X |   |   |   |   |   |   | X | E
|   | O | O |   |   |   | O |   |   |   | F
| X |   |   |   | O |   |   | X | O |   | G
|   |   |   |   | O | O |   |   |   |   | H
|   |   | O |   |   |   |   |   |   | X | I
| X |   | X |   |   |   | O |   |   |   | J

You have been given a copy of the map of Masyu created prior to the construction of its roadway. Each settled lot was pre-marked with an “X” to indicate it was settled by a Knave, or an “O” to indicate it was settled by a Knight. From only the map, knowledge of the Royal Ghruthan Island Building Code, and the following conversation overheard between two Ghruthans, can you locate the King? If you can, identify his lot.
(Note: to a Ghruthan, a neighbor is next or prior, though not necessarily adjacent, along the road).

A: “My lot is adjacent to the Rhubarb Sea.”
B: “I settled adjacent to the sea. There is no settled lot orthogonally adjacent to my lot.”
A: “There is a settled lot diagonally adjacent to my lot.”
B: “My neighbors are either Knights or both Knaves.”
A: “The King is my neighbor. The King lives on the coast.”
B: “The King’s nearest neighbor is a Knave. The King does not live on the coast.”
A: “I have no Knave as a neighbor.”
B: “Both my neighbors have a Knave as a neighbor.”

No Solution Yet Submitted by Dej Mar    
Rating: 3.0000 (3 votes)

Comments: ( Back to comment list | You must be logged in to post comments.)
Solution | Comment 3 of 4 |
Answer: We can deduce B's position, but not A's or the King's.  B is the Knight on B-0. A is either a Truth-first Knave on I-0 with the King on G-9 or a Lie-first Knave on G-8 with the King on D-0.


I will assume you have worked out the road.

Let B be a Truth-first Knave.

B must be adjacent to the sea with an orthoganally adjacent neighbor as in J-3 or E-0 but must have two neighbors of identical ilk :: B is not a Truth-first Knave.

Let B be a Lie-first Knave.

B must not be adjacent to the sea and must  have no one orthoganally adjacent as in D-8 but must have two neighbors of different ilk :: B is not a Knave.

::B is a Knight. B lives on the sea with no one orthoganally adjacent and both neighbors identical as only at B-0.

There are no Knights next to the sea with diagonally adjacent settlers :: A cannot be a Knight.

Let A be a Truth-first Knave. A lives on the sea with no diagonally adjacent settlers and no Knave neighbors as only at I-0.

If so the King is A's neighbor but does not live on the coast and therefore lives at G-9.

Alternatively, let A be a Lie-first Knave. Then A lives inland with a diagonally adjacent settler and a Knave as a neighbor as only at G-8. If so, the King is not A's neighbor but lives on the coast where his nearest neighbor is a Knave as only at D-0.

Both solutions are free from contradiction and therefore the King's position (as well as A's) is undetermined.

  Posted by Eric on 2006-06-06 20:28:27
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