Four inhabitants of the island make the statements as given below. Each of these inhabitants are either Liars or Knights. Little is known regarding the identity of the four inhabitants except for the fact that Q and R are not both Knights.
P's Statement: If asked, Q would say that he and S belong to the same group.
Q's Statement: If asked, S would say that he and P do not belong to the same group.
R's Statement: P and myself belong to the same group..
S's Statement: If asked, P would say that he and R do not belong to the same group.
To what group or groups do the four speakers belong?
(In reply to Quick
by Federico Kereki)
If you start supposing Q is a Liar, you get the same solution. P must be a Knight, no matter what R is. Then, Q would lie saying that S is the same as he, so S would be a Knight,a nd that would imply R is not the same as P, so he is a Liar.