Carl has to travel a certain distance. After he has travelled 40 kilometres, he increases his speed by 2 kilometres per hour. If he had travelled with this increased speed during the whole of his journey, he would have arrived 40 minutes earlier at his destination. On the other hand, if he had continued with his original speed, he would have arrived 20 minutes later.
How far did Carl have to travel?
(In reply to
Excel solution by Charlie)
Let d = distance; x = initial speed; t = actual time taken.
40/x + (d40)/(x+2) = t
d/(x+2) = t  2/3
d/x = t + 1/3
40/x + (t2/3)  40/(x+2) = t
40/x  40/(x+2) = 2/3
40(x+2)  40x = (2/3) x(x+2)
60x + 120  60x = x^2 + 2x
x^2 + 2x 120 = 0
x = (2+sqrt(4+480)) / 2 = sqrt(121)  1 = 10
d/10 = t + 1/3
d = 10t + 10/3
(10t+10/3) / 12 = t  2/3
10t + 10/3 = 12t  8
2t = 34/3
t = 17/3
d = 170/3 + 10/3 = 180/3 = 6
Distance = 6 km

Posted by Charlie
on 20061224 14:01:17 