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Getting To PC With A Circle (Posted on 2007-11-10) Difficulty: 2 of 5
Y is the center of a circle having radius r. Point X is located outside the circle and tangents XP and XC are drawn to touch the circle respectively at P and C.

Given that XY = d, determine the length of PC in terms of r and d.

See The Solution Submitted by K Sengupta    
Rating: 1.0000 (1 votes)

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Solution | Comment 3 of 9 |

Quadrilateral YPXC is a kite.  YP = YC = d, and since angle YPX is a right angle, PX = CX = sqrt(d^2-r^2).

The area of YPXC can be calculated by the sum of triangle areas PXY and CXY, and also by half the product of the diagonals:
PC*d/2 = 2*(r*sqrt(d^2-r^2))/2

Simplifying and rearranging gives PC = 2*(r/d)*sqrt(d^2-r^2)

  Posted by Brian Smith on 2007-11-11 01:21:17
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