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Median Maximum (Posted on 2008-02-03) Difficulty: 3 of 5
Two medians of a triangle have lengths of 12 and 15. How long is the third median when the area of the triangle is a maximum? (Try to solve this without calculus.)

See The Solution Submitted by Brian Smith    
Rating: 3.3333 (3 votes)

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Solution Solution | Comment 1 of 3

Let ABC be the triangle, X' the midpoint of the side
opposite vertex X, and AA' and BB' the given medians.
If the coordinates of the centroid are (0,0), then
the coordinates of the vertices and midpoints are
   A = (2a,0)                      A' = (-a,0)
   B = (2b*cos(x),2b*sin(x))       B' = (-b*cos(x),-b*sin(x))
   C = (-2b*cos(x)-2a,-2b*sin(x))  C' = (b*cos(x)+a,b*sin(x))
   Area(ABC) = Area(ABA') + Area(ACA')
             = 2*Area(ABA')
             = 6ab*sin(x)
Clearly, the maximum area occurs when x = 90 degrees.
   C = (-2a,-2b)   C' = (a,b)
   |CC'| = 3*sqrt(a^2+b^2)
For our problem,
   |CC'| = 3*sqrt(5^2+4^2) = 3*sqrt(41)

  Posted by Bractals on 2008-02-03 12:13:42
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