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 Four cars (Posted on 2008-06-09)
Four cars travel at constant speed along a road. Three of them (A, B and C) travel in one direction, and the fourth, D, in the opposite direction.

Car A passes B and C at 9:00h and 10:00h, respectively, and crosses car D at 11:00h.

Car D crosses car B and car C at 13:00h and 15:00h, respectively.

At what time did car B pass car C?

Bonus point: can you solve this geometrically?

 See The Solution Submitted by pcbouhid Rating: 4.2500 (4 votes)

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 solution | Comment 1 of 6

Consider the speeds as relative to car D (i.e., taking car D to be the "stationary" point of reference). Refer to the speeds as Sa, Sb and Sc.

Car C takes 5 hours from its being with car A to its passing car D, while car A takes only one hour from that event, so

Sa = Sc * 5

Car B takes 4 hours from its being with car A to its passing car D, while car A takes only two hours, so

Sa = Sb * 2

Therefore

Sb = Sc * 5/2

The positions of cars C and B at a given time are given by

Pc = Sc * (15 - t)  as C meets D at 15 hours.

Pb = Sb * (13 - t)  as B meets D at 13 hours.

We need the time that Pb = Pc, so that Pb/Pc = 1, so we can divide one equation by the other:

1 = (5/2) * (13-t)/(15-t)

Solving:

t = 11 + 2/3, or 11:40.

 Posted by Charlie on 2008-06-09 13:40:19

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