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Water at 76 C (Posted on 2008-06-17) Difficulty: 2 of 5
You only have these three containers, all irregular in their shape (though it doesnt appear in the simplified drawing below), with no marks in them, and all that you know is the capacity of each one.

The 3-liter is empty, the 5-liter is full of 50C water, and the 6-liter is full of 90C water.

                                  |/////|
                      |/////|     |/////|
                      |/////|     |/90/|
          |     |     |/50/|     |/////|
          |     |     |/////|     |/////|
          |     |     |/////|     |/////|
          +-----+     +-----+     +-----+
           3-lit       5-lit       6-lit
With a succession of moves, how do you get some water at 76C? At 75C?

How many different integral temperatures, from 50C to 90C, can you get?

See The Solution Submitted by pcbouhid    
Rating: 4.0000 (2 votes)

Comments: ( Back to comment list | You must be logged in to post comments.)
Some Thoughts Computer exploration (spoiler?); is this it? | Comment 1 of 5

Since room temperature is about 20C, you could just wait until the 90 has cooled to the desired temperature.

But if the puzzle is to accomplish this adiabatically, using only the mixing of different temperature waters being transfered from container to container until either the receiving container is full or the sending container is empty, then the computer program finds no solution for either 75 or 76 when limited to at most 16 pourings.

Label the containers 1 to 3 from smallest to largest. 

Those temperatures that are achievable with at most 16 pourings are:

         transfer                    temperature in  
      / from  to /                  last "to" container  
3 1 / 2 3 / 3 2                        /  62
3 1 / 2 3 / 3 2 / 2 3                  /  66
3 1 / 2 3                              /  70
3 1 / 2 3 / 3 2 / 1 3 / 3 1 / 2 3      /  71
3 1 / 2 3 / 1 2 / 3 1 / 2 3            /  72
2 1 / 3 2                              /  74
3 1 / 2 3 / 3 2 / 2 3 / 3 2 / 1 3      /  78
3 1 / 2 3 / 3 2 / 1 3                  /  80
2 1 / 3 2 / 2 3                        /  82


DECLARE SUB choose ()
CLEAR , , 26000
DEFDBL A-Z
DIM SHARED cap(3), vol(3), temp(3), lvl
DIM SHARED hBestCt(51 TO 89)
DIM SHARED hBestS(51 TO 89, 20)
DIM SHARED hBestR(51 TO 89, 20)

cap(1) = 3: vol(1) = 0: temp(1) = 0
cap(2) = 5: vol(2) = 5: temp(2) = 50
cap(3) = 6: vol(3) = 6: temp(3) = 90

lvl = 0

DIM SHARED hSend(20), hRcv(20)

OPEN "water76.txt" FOR OUTPUT AS #2

choose

FOR i = 51 TO 89
  IF hBestCt(i) > 0 THEN
    FOR j = 0 TO hBestCt(i) - 1
       PRINT USING "# # / "; hBestS(i, j); hBestR(i, j);
    NEXT
    PRINT i
  END IF
NEXT

CLOSE

SUB choose
 FOR s = 1 TO 3
  FOR r = 1 TO 3
   IF r <> s THEN
     hSend(lvl) = s: hRcv(lvl) = r
     IF vol(s) > 0 AND vol(r) < cap(r) THEN
       amt = vol(s)
       IF amt > cap(r) - vol(r) THEN amt = cap(r) - vol(r)
       vol(s) = vol(s) - amt
       tempSave = temp(r)
       temp(r) = (temp(r) * vol(r) + temp(s) * amt) / (vol(r) + amt)
       vol(r) = vol(r) + amt

       IF temp(r) - INT(temp(r)) > .9999999000000001# OR temp(r) - INT(temp(r)) < .0000001# AND temp(r) > 50.5 AND temp(r) < 89.5 THEN
         temp(r) = INT(temp(r) + .5)
         FOR i = 0 TO lvl
           PRINT #2, USING "# # / "; hSend(i); hRcv(i);
         NEXT
         PRINT #2, temp(r)
         IF lvl < hBestCt(temp(r)) OR hBestCt(temp(r)) = 0 THEN
           hBestCt(temp(r)) = lvl + 1
           FOR i = 0 TO lvl
            hBestS(temp(r), i) = hSend(i)
            hBestR(temp(r), i) = hRcv(i)
           NEXT
         END IF
       END IF

       lvl = lvl + 1
         IF lvl < 16 THEN
           choose
         END IF
       lvl = lvl - 1

       vol(s) = vol(s) + amt
       temp(r) = tempSave
       vol(r) = vol(r) - amt
     END IF
   END IF
  NEXT
 NEXT
END SUB

 


  Posted by Charlie on 2008-06-17 16:07:02
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