You have just finished exploring a huge cave with a long tunnel that eventually connects with itself, with a magic door in the middle. The magic door has no knob -- instead it requires a secret password to open. When it is closed, the cave can be thought of as an entrance tunnel with two tunnels (tunnel A and tunnel B) branching off of it. These are shown below:
(A map of the cave)
| _____ |
| | | |
| | | |
| |_____| |
| # |
You tell your claim to another person, who is interested but wants proof that you know the secret. You want to show you know, but don't want to share the secret with a stranger. How can you prove to him beyond a reasonable doubt that you know the secret password?
(Assume the other person must stay in the entrance tunnel of the cave.)
In case you can only open it one way, you would like the observer not even to learn which way you can open it.
(In reply to re: What am I missing?
by Dej Mar)
Another source with this problem states you don't want to show which side you can open the door from (if you can only open it one way) -- thus why you don't want to go down one way and up the other.
I editted the problem to add that in, as it wasn't in the original version (and I didn't even know about it until now)
Edited on October 1, 2008, 12:56 pm
Posted by Gamer
on 2008-10-01 12:49:54