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Getting The Minimum With SOD (Posted on 2008-12-02) Difficulty: 3 of 5
Determine the minimum value of a positive decimal integer m such that:

SOD(m) = 100, and: SOD(2m) = 110

where, SOD(x) denotes the sum of the digits of x.

Note: Try to derive a non computer-assisted method, although computer program/spreadsheet solutions are welcome.

See The Solution Submitted by K Sengupta    
Rating: 4.0000 (1 votes)

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Solution Solution | Comment 1 of 2

I solved this problem by examining how each potential digit changes the value of SOD(m) to SOD(2m)

Let d be a digit in m.  If d=1 then SOD(2m) increases by 1 from SOD(m). Similarily for d=2 to 4, the increase is 2 to 4. If d=5 then there is a decrease of 4.  Similarily d=6,7,8 have decreases of 3,2,1.  if D=0 or 9 then there is no change from SOD(m) to SOD(2m).

Since SOD(m) and SOD(2m) are close, most of the digits will be 9's to get the SOD(m) up to 100 without changing SOD(2m) too much.  Ten 9's will make up 90 of each SOD.  Adding a 2 and a pair of 4s gives m=2,449,999,999,999.  SOD(2,449,999,999,999) = 100 and SOD(4,899,999,999,998)=110

  Posted by Brian Smith on 2008-12-02 15:31:43
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