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No Monochrome Sums (Posted on 2009-10-14) Difficulty: 3 of 5
Color each of the numbers 1 through n either red or blue such that if a+b=c then a, b and c are not all the same color. The addends are distinct.

For example with n=6 the sequence rbrbrb does not work because 2+4=6 but are all blue. Whereas rbrbbr does work.

What is the largest value of n for which such a sequence exists?

Note: Since the colors can be swapped, make the number 1 red.

Add a third color (green.) What is the new maximum value of n?

See The Solution Submitted by Jer    
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re(2): Sloane says | Comment 6 of 9 |
(In reply to re: Sloane says by Jer)

With 3 colors the QuickBasic program finished in under a second.

But with 4 colors, even Visual Basic (which runs faster) has been running for a while and still hasn't produced a string over 52.

Forget 5 colors.  And it's no wonder Sloane doesn't go any farther than that; it must have taken a lot of computing power for 5 colors.


  Posted by Charlie on 2009-10-15 12:15:53
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