We roll five standard dice (sides numbered 1 to 6) and write down the sum of the top three i.e. of the 3 highest values.
What is the probability to get 15 ?
There are 6^5 possible combinations which comes to 7776. I created a matrix of five columns, 7776 rows deep which contained all these combinations. then in five subsequent columns, I assigned a value of 10^x for the corresponding cell column in the first matrix. For example, if a 6 appeared in the first column of a row, then the value 100000 was calculated for the first column in the subsequent matrix. I then added the values of these cells and derived a number in which each digit represented the quantity of values for that position. For example, a roll of 42326 would appear as 101120. (Note, the digits of these 6digit numbers will always equal 5).
I then truncated these numbers to get rid of the last two digits, leaving four digit numbers. I then used search options to find the combinations needed for a value of 15. These are as follows:
03xx, 04xx, 0500  555
(Three or more rolls of 5, and no rolls of 6) = 181 combinations
111x,112x,1130  654
(One roll of 6, one roll of 5, and at least 1 roll of 4) = 740 combinations
2001, 2002, 2003  663
(Two rolls of 6, no rolls of 5, no rolls of 4, and at least one roll of 3) = 190 combinations
Total combinations of 15 = 1111
Probability = 1111/7776 ≈ 1/7

Posted by hoodat
on 20101116 16:15:02 