Determine the total number of
individual rational terms in the
multinomial expansion of each of the following expressions:
(I) (√12 + √32 + √48 + √50)
^{6}
(II) (√12 + √32 + √48 + √50)
^{8}
Hence or otherwise, determine the total number of individual rational terms in the multinomial expansion of (√12 + √32 + √48 + √50)
^{2n} in terms of n, whenever n is a positive integer.
I'm not too sure I follow the problem, but here goes:
(12^(1/2) + 32^(1/2) + 48^(1/2) + 50^(1/2))=(2*3^(1/2)+4*2^(1/2)+4*3^(1/2)+5*2^(1/2))
let 2=a, let 3=b
(2*b^(1/2)+4*a^(1/2)+4*b^(1/2)+5*a^(1/2))^2=108*a^(1/2)*b^(1/2)+81a+36b, with 2 rational terms.
(2*b^(1/2)+4*a^(1/2)+4*b^(1/2)+5*a^(1/2))^4=17496 a^(3/2) b^(1/2)+6561a^2+7776a^(1/2)b^(3/2)+17496ab+1296 b^2, with 3 rational terms.
(2*b^(1/2)+4*a^(1/2)+4*b^(1/2)+5*a^(1/2))^6=531441a^3 +2125764a^(5/2) b^(1/2) + 3542940 a^2b + 3149280a^(3/2) b^(3/2) + 1574640ab^2 + 419904 a^(1/2)b^(5/2) + 46656b^3, with 4 rational terms.
(2*b^(1/2)+4*a^(1/2)+4*b^(1/2)+5*a^(1/2))^8=229582512 a^(7/2)b^(1/2)+714256704a^(5/2)b^(3/2)+317447424a^(3/2) b^(5/2)+43046721a^4+535692528a^3b+595213920a^2 b^2+20155392a^(1/2)b^(7/2)+105815808ab^3+1679616 b^4 with 5 rational terms.
So (12^(1/2) + 32^(1/2) + 48^(1/2) + 50^(1/2))^{^}2n will have (n+1) rational terms.
Edited on March 23, 2011, 9:01 am

Posted by broll
on 20110323 08:54:12 