The other day, Jim excitedly told me, "Did you realise I will turn x years old in the year x^2?"
He wasn't the first to think of this. The 19th century mathematician August de Morgan used to used to boast that he was x years old in the year x^2. He died in 1871.
In what year was Jim born? When will his prediction be true? In what year was de Morgan born? What is x in each case?
(In reply to Solution To The Problem
by K Sengupta)
De Morgan's Age
As before in the earlier post, we will get the follwing inequation:
1800< x^2 - x< 1900 ......(#)
Now, x^2 -x > 1800. Since 42^2 - 42 = 1722 < 1800 < 1806 = 43^2, we must have x >=43.
Again, x^2 -x < 1900.
Now, 43^2 - 43 = 1806 < 1900 > 1892 = 44^2 - 44, which is a contradiction.
Again, 44^2 - 44 = 1892 < 1900 < 1980 = 45^2 - 45, and therefore x<=45
Since 43<= x <= 45, substituting x = 43, 44, 45, in (#), we observe that only x = 43 satisfies the referred to inequality.
Consequently, de Morgan was born in 1806 and he was precisely 1849 - 1806 = 43 years old in the year 1849 (43^2)
Considering the inequality 1900< x^2 - x< 2000, and proceeding in a similar manner, we observe that the only positive integer x for which this inequality is satisfied ocurs at x = 45.
Jim was born in the year 1980 and the prediction will come true in the year 2025.