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 1 penny / 1 die (Posted on 2011-05-06)
A fair six sided die can roll any number from 1 to 6 with equal likelihood.
On fair coin, consider heads to have value 2 and tails to have value 1.

Consider the two experiments:

Experiment A: First roll the die. The outcome tells you how many times to flip the coin. x=the total value of the coin tosses.

Experiment B: First flip the coin. The outcome tells you how many times to roll the die. y=the total value of the die rolls.

1. Prove that the probability distributions of x and y are not the same.
2. How do the means of x and y compare?
3. How do the standard deviations of x and y compare?

 Submitted by Jer No Rating Solution: (Hide) P(x=12) = dies rolls 6, then 6 heads = 1/6*1/64=1/384 P(y=12) = coin is heads, then two 6s on the dice = 1/2*1/6*1/6=1/72 Since they have a different probability of getting 12, they are not the same distribution. The mean x is the mean value of the die (3.5) times the mean value of the coin (1.5) which is 5.25 The mean of y is the same thing. The standard deviation of each can be shown to be √(119)/4 See the first post by Charlie to see pretty good histograms of the distributions.

 Subject Author Date re: standard deviations -- of course -- Jer 2011-05-08 00:18:22 standard deviations -- of course -- "obvious" problem Charlie 2011-05-07 03:28:06 re(2): some solutions, but not sure about standard deviations Charlie 2011-05-06 17:33:19 re: some solutions, but not sure about standard deviations Jer 2011-05-06 15:52:41 some solutions, but not sure about standard deviations Charlie 2011-05-06 14:12:53

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