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Covering a rectangle by circles (Posted on 2012-01-30) Difficulty: 2 of 5
Prove, that if a given rectangle can be covered by 100 circles each of r=2, then it can be covered by 400 circles each of r=1.

See The Solution Submitted by Ady TZIDON    
Rating: 4.5000 (2 votes)

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Possible solution | Comment 2 of 6 |

Let the 100 r=2 circles fill the rectangle with an efficiency x, which is a fraction less than 1. Since they are smaller, the r=1 circles must fill the same rectangle with at least the same efficiency of x. Now for the area of the rectangle we have 400pi/x, and the smaller circles fill that with an efficiency of 400pi/x*x, or 400pi.

So at least 400 small circles fit into the same area. Some testing with hex tilings suggests at least 408 small circles should be possible.

Edited on January 31, 2012, 5:26 am
  Posted by broll on 2012-01-31 02:01:07

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