As we will be taking sums of numerous products, some definitions will be in order:
Let A be the index of the series. Let n=(A1), for convenience, since the variable d will not appear in the first term of any member of the series.
Let k be a number of integers to be multiplied together (k=2 for two integers, k=3 for 3 integers etc.) Their product is P.
The expression PC(n,2) then means choose each distinct pair of numbers from 1 to n and take their products, and PC(n,k) means choose each distinct combination of k numbers and take their products.
The total of all such multiplications is then summed: ÓPC(n,k)
Now we have: a^(n+1)+(ÓPC(n,1))a^(n)d+(ÓPC(n,2))a^(n1)d^2+ (ÓPC(n,3))a^(n2)d^3...
+a*n!*d^n;
Since in the last term the numbers from 1 to d are multiplied together once, that term is a factorial.
As redefined the problem now reads, 'Verify the validity of your expression for (a,d,A)=(2,3,8).'
Working:
2^(7+1)+(ÓPC(7,1))2^7*3+(ÓPC(7,2))2^(71)3^2+(ÓPC(7,3))2^(72)3^3+(ÓPC(7,4))2^(73)3^4 +(ÓPC(7,5))2^(74)3^5+(ÓPC(7,6))2^(75)3^6+2*7!*3^7.
Evaluating this gives a^8+28a^7d+322a^6d^2+1960a^5d^3, whose coefficients correspond to A094638 in Sloane, so then, using the table: 6769a^4d^4+13132a^3d^5+13068a^2d^6+5040ad^7.
Substituting: 2^8+28*2^7*3+322*2^6*3^2+1960*2^5*3^3+6769*2^4*3^4 +13132*2^3*3^5+13068*2^2*3^6+2*5040*3^7 = 96342400.
By direct calculation:
2*5*8*11*14*17*20*23 = 96342400
Edited on February 18, 2012, 12:43 am

Posted by broll
on 20120218 00:37:30 