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 Another Magic Die (Posted on 2012-02-28)
Remember this Magic Die? I've got another magic die, which is n-sided (with numbers 1 through n on its faces) and where n=0 mod 8.

After the first roll, if an odd number appears on the top face, all odd numbers on the die are squared. If an even number appears on the top face, all odd numbers are increased by 3 and then all numbers are halved and then squared.

If the given die changes as described and assuming a perfectly balanced die, what is the probability that the number appearing on the second roll of the die is 1 mod 8? How about 4 mod 8?

 No Solution Yet Submitted by Dustin No Rating

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 here's what I get | Comment 2 of 8 |

The first roll is equally likely to come out odd or even, and all arithmetic can be done mod 8, so only 16 cases need be considered.

`Original value:0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7Roll 1 odd:    0  1  2  1  4  1  6  1Roll 1 even:   0  4  1  1  4  0  1  1`

8/16 of the second outcomes are 1 mod 8 for a 50% probability.

3/16 are 4 mod 8 for a probability of 0.1875.

 Posted by Charlie on 2012-02-28 22:08:30

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