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Arm Appraisal (Posted on 2012-09-04) Difficulty: 3 of 5
A distant planet is inhabited by creatures having more than two arms. The ones with an even number of arms are the knights who always tell the truth; the ones with an odd number of arms are the liars who always speak falsely.

The rules of the planet allow only creatures having eight, nine or ten arms to work as guards. Four guards were conversing amongst themselves:
  • The amber one said, "The azure one and I have 19 arms together."
  • The azure one said, "The jade one and I have 18 arms together."
  • The jade one said, "The ivory one and I have 18 arms together."
  • The ivory one said, "The amber one and I have 19 arms together."
How many arms does each guard have?

See The Solution Submitted by K Sengupta    
Rating: 5.0000 (1 votes)

Comments: ( Back to comment list | You must be logged in to post comments.)
Solution computer solution | Comment 2 of 5 |

FOR amber = 8 TO 10
FOR azure = 8 TO 10
FOR jade = 8 TO 10
FOR ivory = 8 TO 10
   ambaz = amber + azure
   jadaz = jade + azure
   ivjad = jade + ivory
   ambiv = amber + ivory
   good = 1
   IF (amber = 9) <> (ambaz <> 19) THEN good = 0
   IF (azure = 9) <> (jadaz <> 18) THEN good = 0
   IF (jade = 9) <> (ivjad <> 18) THEN good = 0
   IF (ivory = 9) <> (ambiv <> 19) THEN good = 0
   IF good THEN
     PRINT amber; azure; jade; ivory
   END IF
NEXT
NEXT
NEXT
NEXT

finds that the respective numbers of arms on

Amber, Azure, Jade and Ivory are:

 9  9  8  10


  Posted by Charlie on 2012-09-04 10:53:59
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