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So many ways.... (Posted on 2013-03-21) Difficulty: 3 of 5
Consider all "integer" points in the 1st Quadrant, i.e. North-East part of the coordinates system.
How many lattice paths from (0,0) to (b,a) exist if only east (1,0), north (0,1), and northeast (1,1) steps are allowed?

Provide a general recurrence formula, supported by few samples, say all (a,b) points between (0,0) and (6,6).

What can be said about the numbers thus obtained?
Try to formulate a direct formula for the integer points on the y=x line, i.e. D(m,m)=...

See The Solution Submitted by Ady TZIDON    
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re: solution Comment 3 of 3 |
(In reply to solution by Charlie)

The numbers are also appear to be the centered orthoplicial polytopic numbers, and can be given by the recurrence equation:
cP(d)(2d,n) = cP(d)(2d,n-1)
+ cP(d-1)(2(d-1),n)
+ cP(d-1)(2(d-1),n-1),
with initial conditions
cP(d)(2d,0) = 1
cP(1)(21,n) = 2n + 1

cP(1)(21,n) = (2n+1)
Centered square gnomom (1-orthoplex) numbers:

cP(2)(22,n) = 2n(n+1)+1
Centered square (2-orthoplex) Tetragonal numbers:

cP(3)(23,n) = (2n+1)(2n2+2n+3)/3
Centered octahedral (3-orthoplex) Octahedral numbers:

cP(4)(24,n) = (3+8n+10n2+4n3+2n4)/3
Centered tetracross (4-orthoplex) numbers:

cP(5)(25,n) = (15+46n+50n2+40n3+10n4+4n5)/15
Centered pentacross (5-orthoplex) numbers: 

cP(6)(26,n) =(45+138n+196n2+120n3+70n4+12n5+4n6)/45
Centered hexacross (6-orthoplex) numbers:

  Posted by Dej Mar on 2013-03-22 06:06:00
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