(In reply to
solution by Charlie)
your simplification gave me inspiration to revisit my approach from a combinatorial perspective. This is a good example of depending too much on a computer for me because I didn't catch that my phones CAS failed to factorize the x^2+5x+6 in my f5(x) function and thus I did not realize that f5(x)=C(x+4,4).
Using this simplified form I was able to evaluate the nested summation for general n and got that when
x+y+z+w=n the number of solutions is C(n+19,19)
and indeed
C(44+19,19)=6,131,164,307,078,475 as has been shown.
Now I believe this can be explained rather simply when we look at this from a combinatorical perspective. If you look at what we are really doing, in the end we are simply taking 44, representing it as a sum of 4 nonnegative integers, and taking each of those nonnegative integers and representing them as a sum of 5 nonnegative integers. Well this is the same as representing 44 as the sum of 4*5=20 nonnegative integers and then simply adding them in groups of 5 to get x,y,z,w. Thus for the total number of solutions we get C(n+19,19)
This can then be expanded to the more general problem:
x1*x2*...*xa = p1^y1*p2^y2*...*pb^yb
y1+y2+...+yb=n
where we are solving for a x's and b y's as nonegative integers, the b p's are given primes and n is a given nonnegative integer.
Then using the argument above we get the number of solutions to be:
C(n+ab1,ab1)

Posted by Daniel
on 20130926 15:14:27 