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GCD to product (Posted on 2013-10-03) Difficulty: 3 of 5
Determine all possible pairs (x,y) of positive integers, with x ≤ y, that satisfy this equation:
           x*y = 160 + 90*gcd(x,y)

No Solution Yet Submitted by K Sengupta    
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analytical solution | Comment 2 of 4 |

let gcd(x,y)=g
and x=a*g and y=b*g then we have
a*b*g^2=160+90*g
abg^2-90g=160
g(abg-90)=160
so g must be a divisor of 160
160=2^5*5
so the possible values of g are:
1,2,4,5,8,10,16,20,32,40,80,160
now we can eliminate those for which
(160/g)+90 is not divisible by g
this leaves us with:
1 and 2

g=1 gives us ab=250
for each possible value of a,b with a<=b we get
a solution with x=g*a=a and y=g*b=b
giving us the solutions:
(1,250),(2,125),(5,50),(10,25)

g=2 gives us ab=85
for each possible value of a,b we get
a solution with x=g*a=2a and y=g*b=2b
giving us the solutions:
(2,170),(10,34)

thus all solutions are:
(1,250),(2,125),(5,50),(10,25),(2,170),(10,34)


  Posted by Daniel on 2013-10-03 16:17:54
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