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Triangle from Perimeter (Posted on 2013-05-04) Difficulty: 3 of 5

Let D be a point in the plane of ΔABC such that
ray AD intersects the interior of side BC.

Construct a line through D intersecting lines AB and
AC at points B' and C' respectively such that the
perimeter of ΔAB'C' equals |BC|.

See The Solution Submitted by Bractals    
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Didn't solve fully but interesting result. | Comment 1 of 3
I didn't know where to begin so I simplified things by making the triangle isosceles and right with A=(0,0), B=(1,0), C=(0,1)

That helped me see the problem is not possible unless D is inside the triangle and close to A.

So I chose to ignore D and focus on where the line B'C' can be.
It turns out if B'=(x,0) then to make the perimeter equal to |BC|, C'=(0,(√2x-1)/(x-√2)).
Graphing all of these lines B'C' seems to form the exterior of a quarter circle with center (√2/2,√2/2) and radius √2/2.
I was able to prove this.

So for any D inside this region we can find which line we are on and determine B' and C'.

  Posted by Jer on 2013-05-09 13:10:44
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