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Divide in Half (Posted on 2014-03-07) Difficulty: 3 of 5

Given a convex quadrilateral. Construct, with straight-edge and
compass, a line parallel to one of the sides of the quadrilateral
that divides the area of the quadrilateral in half.

See The Solution Submitted by Bractals    
Rating: 5.0000 (1 votes)

Comments: ( Back to comment list | You must be logged in to post comments.)
re: Response to Solution | Comment 3 of 6 |
(In reply to Response to Solution by Bractals)

It seems to me that the construction 'fails' to find an area bisector, PQ,
that crosses two adjacent sides rather than opposite sides since this
contradicts the initial assumption that P and Q lie on AD and BC.

W.l.o.g. label the quadrilateral so that BA and CD meet when produced,
and AD and BC meet when produced.

Let DE and DF be parallel to AB and CB, with E & F on BC & AB resp.

The quadrilateral is divided into 3 regions:

Parallelogram BEDF (area U), triangle CDE (area V), triangle ADF (area W).

If area bisector ||AB crosses adjacent sides (BC & CD) then V>(U+V+W)/2.
If area bisector ||BC crosses adjacent sides (AB & AD) then W>(U+V+W)/2.

Adding:             V + W > U + V + W => U < 0

Clearly not true, so the construction will work in at least one of the two cases.

Edited on March 18, 2014, 1:13 pm
  Posted by Harry on 2014-03-18 13:12:20

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