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Trigonometric progression (Posted on 2014-08-24) Difficulty: 3 of 5
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tan [(n+1)a/2] = (sin a + sin 2a + ... + sin na)/(cos a + cos 2a + ... + cos na)

No Solution Yet Submitted by Danish Ahmed Khan    
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Solution solution Comment 1 of 1


(A d2 solution)

Consider the expression  (sin a + sin 2a + ... + sin na)

By adding pairwise the 1st and the last, the 2nd  ad the penultimate we get ( n+1)/2 sums  like ( sin ka + sin (n+1-k)a) which equals

.5(n+1)*2 sin((n+1)/2)*cos((2ka-n-1)a/2     #!

The (cos a + cos 2a + ... + cos na)  equals, by the same token to

.5(n+1)*2 cos((n+1)/2)*cos((2ka-n-1)a/2    #2

Dividing   #!  by #2  we get  tan [(n+1)a/2]


Rem : It is easy to reason out that both formulas are valid both for even and odd number of terms.

Edited on August 24, 2014, 1:31 pm
  Posted by Ady TZIDON on 2014-08-24 11:46:28

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