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Integer Divisor Illation (Posted on 2015-01-10) Difficulty: 4 of 5
Given that N is a positive integer, can any divisor of N2 + N - 1 end in 3 or 7?
If so, give an example.
If not, prove it.

No Solution Yet Submitted by K Sengupta    
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Some Thoughts Possible solution Comment 1 of 1

No.

Let m=(N-1); then N^2+N-1=(m+1)^2+m, but every prime factor of (m+1)^2+m is congruent to {0, 1, 4} mod 5 (Sloane A038872) and so must end in {1, 5, 9}.

As to compound divisors:

1*1=1, 1*5=5, 1*9=9, 5*5=25, 5*9=45, 9*9=81; any combination of terminal digits produces a new digit in the same set {1,5,9}, so 3 and 7 can never be terminal digits of any divisor of N2 + N - 1.


Edited on January 11, 2015, 2:37 am
  Posted by broll on 2015-01-11 02:35:48

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