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Acute Ascertainment (Posted on 2015-04-18) Difficulty: 3 of 5
An acute-angled triangle PQR is inscribed in a circle with centre O.

S is the intersection of the bisector of P with QR
the perpendicular to PO through S meets the line PR in a point W interior to the segment PR.

Find PQ/PW

***Source: A problem appearing in the Italian Mathematical Olympiad, 1995

No Solution Yet Submitted by K Sengupta    
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Solution Solution | Comment 1 of 3
Call the intersection of the perpendicular to PO through S the the bisector of angle RQP by T
Call angle RPQ by p
Call angle PQR by q

Construct segments OQ and OR.
by the given bisector angle RPS = angle QPS = p/2
by triangle PSQ angle PSQ = 180 - p/2 - q
by inscribed and central angle POR = 2q
by isosceles triangle POQ angle RPO = 90-q
by angle subtraction angle SOP = p/2+q-90
by right triangle STP angle TSP = 180-p/2-q
so angles PSQ and PSW are equal
by reflexive property SP=SP
because PS bisects angle RPQ angles RPQ and QPS are equal
so by ASA ΔPSW is congruent to ΔPSQ
so PW = PQ
so PQ/PW=1

  Posted by Jer on 2015-04-18 22:12:46
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