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The golden ratio (Posted on 2015-09-16) Difficulty: 3 of 5
In a Fibonacci sequence 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, …, Fn, Fn+1
define Rn = Fn/ Fn-1

Prove that lim (Rn) as n approaches infinity
is .5*(1+sqrt(5))=1.618...
a.k.a. the golden ratio, φ (phi).

See The Solution Submitted by Ady TZIDON    
Rating: 4.0000 (1 votes)

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re(2): Solution | Comment 3 of 6 |
(In reply to re: Solution by Steve Herman)

Consider, for instance, the logistic equation, f(n+1) = rf(n)*(1-f(n)), where f(n) is between 0 and 1.
Does it converge as n goes to infinity?
It is easy to calculate that if it has a limit, then the limit must be 1 - 1/r.

However, surprisingly, it does not have a limit if r is large enough, a finding which helped jumpstart the mathematical discipline of chaos theory.

For instance, if r = 3.5 and f(0) = .4, it starts repeating the numbers .3828, .8269, .5009, .6750, .3828, etc., and never converges

In other words, being able to calculate the only possible limit does not prove that the series converges.  I will try this weekend to prove that the Fibonacci ratio actually does in fact converge to its only possible limit.

  Posted by Steve Herman on 2015-09-18 07:37:32
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