S(0), S(1), S(2) , ..... are terms of a geometric sequence in strictly ascending orders of magnitude.
All the terms of this sequence are nonnegative integer powers of 3, like:
30, 31, .... etc
Σn=0 to 7 (log3S(n)) = 308, and:
56 ≤ (log3(Σ n=0 to 7 S(n)))≤ 57
It hardly matters what the terms of S(n) are. Since they are powers of 3 and we keep taking logarithms, it's just the exponents that matter. Let 3^(E(n)) = S(n). If the terms of S(n) are geometric, than the exponents E(n) are arithmetic.
The first given is that the first 8 exponents have sum 308
The sum is 28a+8b
If we sum terms 0 through 7 of S(n) the answer isn't much larger than the last term, so its base 3 logarithm isn't much bigger than the last exponent. So the (5,21,56) is our sequence.
The 14th term of E(n) is therefore 91 = log3S(14)
Posted by Jer
on 2016-02-22 11:03:46