In the Project Euler problem Tom and Jerry
, it defines Tom graphs. A cat named Tom and a mouse named Jerry play a game on a graph G. Each vertex of G is a mouse hole. Jerry hides in one of the holes. Then, Tom tries to catch Jerry by picking a hole. Then, Jerry moves to an adjacent hole. Then, Tom picks another hole. They keep doing this, where Jerry moves to an adjacent hole and Tom picks a hole. A Tom graph is a graph that Tom can always catch Jerry by following a sequence of holes.
Example: This is a Tom graph.
Tom can do the sequence 2, 2 to guarantee catching Jerry.
1. Prove that all Tom graphs are cycle-free.
2. Find the smallest cycle-free graph that is not a Tom graph.