Three people, A,B,C play a game. A rolls the die.
Then, in order of "B,C,A,B,C,A..." they each roll the die. They keep going until someone wins. To win, you have to get the same number as the previous number rolled on the die. ( A can't win with his first roll because there was no roll before to compare it too.)
What is the probability that each person will win?
If we inspect the probabilities of winning on 1st move, we get A=0, B=1/6, C=5/6^2. In 2nd move we get A=5^2/6^3, B=5^3/6^4 and C=5^4/6^5. Final probabilities for A, B, C will be sum of partial probabilities in 1st, 2nd...infinite roll for A, B and C respectively. These probabilities are infinite geometrical sequences with quocient of 5^3/6^3 but with different first sequence members (1/6 for B, 5/6^2 for C and 5^2/6^3 for A). Then from formula for sum of infinite geometrical sequence sum= a/(1q), where a is first member and q is quocient we get A=25/91, B=36/91, C=30/91.

Posted by Saso
on 20031111 09:45:20 