To make the matter worse, one of the brothers is a pathological liar who never tells the truth, while the other never lies. Not only do you not know which is the liar and which tells the truth, but also, you do not know wether Bob is the liar or not.
Upon meeting the brothers, you can ask one short question of either of the brothers (but not both) to establish with certainty which of the two is Bob. (It is possible to do this with a question of four to five words.)
What question would you ask?