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 Threes and sevens (Posted on 2006-10-25)
You can decide whether a number is divisible by 3 by forming its cross sum, that is the sum of all its decimal digits: It is divisible by three exactly if its cross sum is. Similarly, a three-digit number is divisible by seven if (and only if) the sum of twice its most significant digit plus three times its middle digit plus its least significant digit is divisible by seven.

Can you find a similar scheme for checking divisibility by 33 and 37, for numbers with an arbitrary number of digits?

 No Solution Yet Submitted by vswitchs Rating: 2.5000 (2 votes)

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 answer for 37 | Comment 2 of 7 |

Let N = u0 + u1x10 + u2x10^2 + u3x10^3 + ... + ukx10^k.

N is divisble by 37 if sum of u(3j) digits + 10 times sum of

u(3j+1) digits - 11 times sum of u(3j+2) digits is divisible by 37.

Example: 37x15768=583416. (6+3) + 10x(1+8) - 11x(4+5)=0.

 Posted by Dennis on 2006-10-25 10:32:05

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